Q&A with Facts about the LTTE
(By: Shenali Waduge)
becomes the first country to militarily defeat an international
proscribed terrorist organization. GOSL took a policy decision not
to prosecute child combatants.
LTTE has killed 82 Tamil politicians / 54 Tamil
Government officials / 24 Tamil intellectuals & academics.
is the first terrorist organization to have pioneered the human
suicide with a suicide bomb strapped to body.
LTTE is the only organization to have killed 2
international political leaders (one on Sri Lankan soil 1993 & the
other in Indian soil 1991)
the only terrorist organization to have air wings to land LTTE owned
LTTE was one of the few terrorist organizations
that openly had offices in over 54 countries doing terrorist
propaganda work in the countries that LTTE were banned.
had 32 front organizations operating throughout the world in the
disguise of charity organizations enjoying tax concessions from
LTTE is also involved in human trafficking, drug
trafficking, arms smuggling, money laundering, extortion, credit
card skimming, bank loan absconding
proscribed as a terrorist organization in 32 countries. In India
since 1994, in the US since 1997, in the UK since 2001 & in the EU
since 2006. Sri Lanka banned the LTTE in 1978 but lifted it in 1987
for the Indo-Lanka Peace Accord. Sri Lanka again proscribed the LTTE
in 1998 after its attack on the Temple of the Tooth in Kandy. The
ban was suspended for the 2002 ceasefire. Sri Lanka banned the LTTE
again in January 2009.
LTTE constructed technologically sophisticated
underground bunkers, factories that manufactured ammunition & mines,
built food canning factories, set up boatyards to develop suicide
boats & submersible vessels, had hangars and service centers for its
aircrafts. For all these foreign expertise has been given to a
arms & ammunition used by the LTTE - artillery guns, heavy and
medium mortars, rocket propelled grenades, RCLs, anti-aircraft guns,
Surface to Surface Missiles, Surface to Air Missiles, small arms,
anti-tank mines and anti-personnel mines
How many LTTE cadres were there? By 2006, LTTE is
said to have 25,000 cadres. By 2008, after LTTE escalated
recruitment drives that total came to 30,000.
attacks on civilians & military were carried out by LTTE posing as
LTTE is estimated to have raised US$50-75m
annually between 1993 & 2002 & Janes Intelligence estimates the LTTE
raised US$200-300m annually.
Personalized postage stamps - UK, France, Norway, Germany all
apologized for personalized stamps issued with images of Prabakaran.
This attempt was not the first since in 2000 Canada issued stamps
with a picture of Prabakaran & authorities put the order on hold.
The Darusman Report is NOT a UN report since it
was not sanctioned by the UN General Assembly or the UN Security
Much of Channel 4's documentary sources come from
Tamilnet which is pro-LTTE. The "victim" Issipiya has turned out to
be a LTTE female cadre given rank of a Colonel. Similarly,
Australia's ABC News was embarrassed at its attempt to embarrass Sri
Lanka when it was discovered that the Tamil "victim" was also a LTTE
Amnesty International was the first to sponsor the
videoing of Channel 4 at the UN in Geneva. Amnesty International has
also accepted $50,000 from the Canadian Tamil Congress which is an
LTTE front organization operating from Canada.
YES. Tamil is an official language. All
Government documents - coins, currency, postage stamps, name boards
on roads, birth certificates, marriage certificates, passport forms,
appear in Sinhala & Tamil. In the national flag Tamils are
represented through the color Yellow. Major Tamil cultural/religious
events are declared as public holidays. Tamil language of just 12%
of Tamils is recognized as an official language.
Ministers of State (including post of Foreign
Minister who was assassinated by the LTTE)
The Chief Justice of Sri Lanka
The Inspector General of Police
The Commander of the Armed Forces
Chairman of the Central Bank
Chairman of the State TV
Heads of Government Department
University Professors and Vice-Chancellors
Ambassadors and High Commissioners
Mayors & Public Officials (Alfred Duraiappah
the Mayor of Jaffna was the first victim of the LTTE, killed by
has killed 82 Tamil politicians / 54 Tamil Government officials / 24
Tamil intellectuals & academics.
During colonial rule, missionaries offered better
educational facilities & schools in the North to enable more English
hus, by independence, Tamils secured all the well
paid jobs - doctors, engineers, accountants, lawyers etc By 1956
Tamils constituted 50% of the clerical personnel of the railway,
postal and customs services, 60% of all doctors, engineers and
lawyers, and 40% of other labor forces.
If Tamils are concerned about the welfare of
Tamils why did the High Caste & High Class Tamils object to the
Social Disabilities Act No. 21 passed in parliament in 1957 giving
lower castes the right to attend schools & Kovils. Even after the
Act was passed low caste Tamil children had to sit on floors & study
in schools in the North - so much for equality amongst Tamils!
Tamil students in universities in Sri Lanka able to study in Tamil?
YES, However in universities in Jaffna &
Batticoloa, faculties of Medicine, Engineering, Science and
Agriculture offer study in Tamil medium only. All staff are Tamil in
these two universities.
LTTE has introduced a "Thamilcholai" School System
commencing with orphanages that were actually training children as
young as 10 years to kill. Systematic psychological conditioning of
students to become martyrs and terrorists started with the LTTE long
before it manifested itself in Islamist madrasas
in Europe there are 350 Thamilchollai schools with approximately
20,000 Tamil students between the ages 4 to 21. 145
schools in Germany. 133 schools in Switzerland, 52 schools in
France, 25 schools in the Netherlands, 65 schools in Denmark.
Thamilcholai schools charge a fee per student
ranging from 8 - 13 Euros per month from which a portion is paid as
a tax to LTTE front organizations
Eeelam start with the LTTE?
NO. It was the Federal Party formed in 1949 by
Chelvanayagam that espoused to achieve a Tamil Eelaam inspired by
similar sentiments that were brewing in India. It was the Federal Party
that demanded 50-50 representation at independence when the Sinhalese
were over 74% of the population & Tamils just 12%.
Prabakaran's initial aim in forming the LTTE?
Prabakaran belonging to a low caste & with caste being
a very rigid area in Tamil polity with discriminations against Tamils in
all spheres of life, it was the youth movement & Prabakaran that began
to defy these rigid Tamil caste customs. In reality 1st phase of LTTE
was a movement of Tamils against Tamils for equal status & equal
dignity. India was quick to exploit this and turn it into a TERRORIST
movement to realize India's policy to destabilize Sri Lanka. That was
how LTTE became a terrorist movement. Soon western interests in the
geopolitical importance of Sri Lanka attracted foreign players most of
whom were NGOs interested in conversions.
Is the LTTE
the "sole" representative of the Tamils?
No. LTTE has killed all Tamils that they feel
is a threat to them and refused to be tested for their popularity
through the ballot and so chose only the bullet.
What is the
area the LTTE demanded as "Tamil Eelaam".
Combining North and East of Sri Lanka the LTTE
demanded 28.7% landmass and 60% of Sri Lanka's coastline.
A pertinent question to also ask is
Tamil Eelam meant for All Tamils
of the world or just the Sri Lankan Tamils? With Tamils in
other parts of the world all demanding an Eelaam for Tamils the logical
& practical Eelaam should ideally be located in Tamil Nadu, India where
there are over 60m Tamils. Sri Lanka has less than 2m Tamils. Tamil Nadu
is the best place to house over 70m world Tamils.
With the death of Prabakaran there are Prabakaran
wannabe's in the US, UK & France all vying to be the next leader of a
resurrected LTTE. Rudrakumaran selfappointed head of TGTE, Father S.J.
Emmanuel & Nediyawan none of whom need to be taken seriously. They are
all interested in keeping the LTTE $300m kitty rolling.
were "charged" by the LTTE
To function LTTE needed money. Within Sri Lanka, LTTE
used various means to raise funds : taxing goods passing through LTTE
controlled areas, sales tax on goods sold by merchants, tax on
individual households in LTTE areas, extortion & protection money paid
by businessmen & penalties for Tamils who evaded payment. LTTE customs
officials were located at Omanthai checkpoint. Monthly collection was
taxing goods at Omanthai ranged from 8-30% of the
cost of the item (color television fetched 25% duty of the value)
farmers paid taxes according to produce - varies
from Rs.300 to Rs.3000 per term of produce.
A tractor owner had to pay Rs.30,000 every 6
Govt employees had to pay tax rate of 8% of their
Rs.5 per kilo is collected from fishermen for
transporting fish from Mannar to Colombo.
LTTE had a special unit to collect taxes from
Tamil businessmen in Colombo & outskirts too.
So much for LTTE being liberators of the Tamil people!
record of Ethnic Cleansing : attacks on Sinhalese
In 1971 29.2% Tamils were living in areas outside the
north and east of Sri Lanka.
In 1971 Sinhalese living in the Northern province was
In 1981 Northern census had 19334 Sinhalese civilians
recorded. LTTE had killed over 600 living in these areas & evicted the
rest. This is a clear example of ethnic cleansing of Sinhalese living in
the North by the LTTE.
In 1981, 32.8% Tamils were living in areas outside the
north and east of Sri Lanka. In 1981, Sinhalese living in the Northern
province was just 3%. Sinhalese living in Jaffna declined from 2.9% in
1971 to 0.6% in 1981.
From 1987 NO Sinhalese & NO MUSLIMS were living in
Jaffna or the North because both the Sinhalese & Muslims had been
ethnically cleansed from these areas by the LTTE and silently looked on
by Tamil politicians.
It is wrong to devolve power according to ethnic
13a was an addition to the constitution forcefully
imposed on Sri Lanka by India.
Provincial Councils have been nothing but an
expense incurred by the public. There is little productivity,
effectiveness or efficiency from the provincial councils since 1988
and unlikely to result in any changes by giving additional roles.
Provincial Council systems have been a waste of money for Sri Lanka.
& Muslims buy land & property in Sri Lanka -
YES. Tamils own over 200 condominiums in &
around the outskirts of Colombo. Most of these apartments are not rented
out to Sinhalese.
Sinhalese or Muslims buy land & property in Jaffna -
NO. The thesavalamai law restricts this because
it is a racist law applying to only Tamils and this needs to be removed.
For real reconciliation to happen Sinhalese & Muslims
must be allowed to own property and land & carry out business &
education in the North.
record of Ethnic Cleansing : attacks on Muslims
LTTE attacks a Muslim mosque in Kattankudy on 4
August 1990 & massacres 103 muslims & injures over 70 while they
were at prayers.
In October 1990, 75000 Muslims were expelled from
the North by the LTTE giving them only 48 hours to evict. Another
example of ethnic cleansing of Muslims by LTTE. That over 70,000
Muslims lived in North Sri Lanka depicts that the North was never a
ONE ethnic area.
The first Muslims to be evicted were from
Chavakachcheri (1500 Muslims)
to a 1981 census (the last official count), the
total Muslim population in Jaffna was 14,844 families.
attacks on sacred places & clergy
LTTE attacks sacred city of Anuradhapura on 14 May
1985 killing 120 devotees including children and wounding scores of
LTTE lays a claymore mine & kills Senior Buddhist
monk & Chief Priest of Sripura, Ven. Pihimbiyagolle Dhammaloka in
Konamariyawa on November 18, 2001
In 1998, January 25 LTTE sends a suicide mission
to attack Sri Lanka's holiest Buddhist shrine - the Temple of the
Tooth in Kandy killing 13 and damaging temple property.
UNESCO has declared Temple of the Tooth a cultural
LTTE is the only terrorist group to have killed 2
international political leaders. One on foreign soil - Rajiv Gandhi,
former PM of India & Sri Lanka's President R Premadasa on May Day.
Interpol declared LTTE leader Prabakaran a wanted man. LTTE has also
made a bid to assassinate President Kumaratunga who escaped but lost
her eye sight as a result of the shrapnel.
LTTE has assassinated
1 Opposition candidate
10 leaders of political parties
7 Cabinet Ministers
37 Members of Parliament
6 Members of Provincial Councils
22 Members of Pradeshiya Sabhas
17 Political Party Organizers &
4 Mayors including Alfred Duraiappah who
became the LTTE's first killing in 1975 outside a kovil in
How many suicide attacks has the LTTE carried out?
Jane's Information Group claims that between 1987 & 2000 the LTTE has
carried out 168 suicide attacks on civilians & military.
was the 1st suicide attack by the LTTE - July 5, 1987 in
Nelliady army camp killing 40 security personnel.
was the 1st foreign suicide attack by the LTTE - May 21, 1991
on former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi killing him instantly
along with 18 others in Tamil Nadu, India
was the 1st suicide bombing inside an army camp? 1999, August 9
when a male suicide bomber enters the Vakarai camp on the pretext of
collecting weekly food relief & detonates bomb strapped to his body.
Some of the notable suicides have been:
1994 (Oct 24) Leader of the Opposition & UNP
Presidential candidate Gamini Dissanayake & 58 persons killed by
female suicide in Grandpass, Colombo.
1996 (Jan 31) suicide bomber detonates a truck
loaded with more 100kgs of explosives in front of Central Bank
killing 91 civilians & wounding over 2000.
1996 (Oct 15) suicide bombers detonate a truck
in the Galadari hotel parking lot close to the World Trade
Center killing 18 civilians & injuring over 100.
1998 (Mar 5) 36 civilians & 2 police personnel
are killed & 270 civilians are injured when a mini-bus filled
with explosives was blown up by a suicide bomber in Maradana,
2001 (Jul 24) A group of 20 suicide cadres in
military uniforms attack Katunayake air force base &
Bandaranaike International Airport destroying 8 military
aircrafts (including Kfir jets, 2 Mi-17 helicopters, 1 MIG 27, 3
Chinese K8 trainer aircrafts & 6 Airbus passenger aircrafts)
2004 (Jul 7) woman suicide bomber detonates
explosives at Kollupitiya Police station killing herself & 4
police personnel & injuring 9. Target was Minister Douglas
Devananda - a Tamil & critic of the LTTE.
2006 (Apr 25) Army Commander Lt. Gen. Sarath
Fonseka critically injured when female suicide cadre disguised
as a pregnant woman blows herself inside the Army head quarters.
2006 (Aug 14) LTTE targets Pakistan High
Commissioner's convoy. High Commissioner escapes.
2006 (Oct 16) 98 sailors killed as an LTTE
explosive laden vehicle rams into naval convoy at Digampatana
2006 (Dec 1) Suicide attack targets Defense
Secretary, Gotabaya Rajapakse who escapes. o 2007 (Oct 22) LTTE
infiltrates SLAF base at Anuradhapura killing 9 security forces
personnel including 2 officers.
Civilian Killings (including Children)
ways did LTTE strike civilians?
LTTE used vehicle bombs, time bombs, kept bombs
aboard planes, buses, cars, truck bombs targeting civilians, they
attacked villagers by using automatic weapons, small arms, swords,
machetes, clubs and other handheld weapons, suicide missions etc.
attack on civilians by the LTTE was on the Dollar & Kent
Farms in Weli Oya Nov 30 1984. LTTE terrorists killed 67 civilians
including women & children.
The youngest child killed by the LTTE was boy of
just 18months when LTTE attacked a village in Siyambalanduwa on Nov
Since March 2000 to March 2009 a total of
13538 civilians have been
killed by the LTTE.
Since March 2000 to March 2009 a total of
5222 Security forces
personnel have been killed by the LTTE. (No deaths to
civilians or armed personnel from 2010-2012)
How many civilians has the LTTE killed in
Government controlled areas - over 10,000 civilians have been killed
& a similar number injured. There is no estimates of the number of
Tamil civilians the LTTE would have killed throughout decades that
they ran almost a defacto government in the North.
1994 November 11: A female suicide bomber exploded
herself near the Slave Island Railway Station in Colombo causing the
death of 15 children, a police personnel and one soldier.
killing of POWs
Notably, the LTTE massacred most of 364 unarmed
police officers captured after their surrender to the LTTE in 1990.
The LTTE also executed 200 Sri Lankan soldiers captured during an
attack on the Pooneryn army camp, and hundreds of soldiers who had
surrendered during the attack on the Mullaitivu army camp.
How many armed forces personnel have lost their
lives as a result of the LTTE? 19,282 Security Forces personnel were
killed and 82,104 were maimed or wounded in battles against the LTTE
and 2,609 were missing in action prior to the launch of the
Humanitarian Operation in 2006
LTTE first used surface to air missiles on the Sri
Lanka Airforce by shooting down 2 avro aircrafts on 28 & 29th April
1995 killing 100 unarmed military personnel returning on leave.
Victor Base 1 situated in Vallipunam was a torture
chamber used by the LTTE known only to a handful of top LTTErs, the
torture chambers was frequented regularly by the LTTE supremo &
Pottu Amman who watched each torture & killing take place. 26
security personnel have been killed in these torture chambers on 16
January 2009. LTTE had used diesel mixed with sugar to ensure no
traces of bones remained to be identified.
& Child Combatants
young were some of the LTTE child combatants?
The children kidnapped by the LTTE were as young
as 10 years old and trained to become killers.
LTTE ruling on child conscription - Every Tamil
family had to give at least one child to the LTTE. At times LTTE
even abducted children from schools,
UNICEF has declared LTTE to be the world's worst
perpetrator of child soldier recruitment. LTTE is said to have
recruited since 2001 5974 child soldiers despite announcing to the
international community in July 2003 that it would stop conscripting
More than 11,000 LTTE cadres surrendered to the
How many Ex-LTTE cadres have been rehabilitated? -
As of Feb 9, 2012 490 ex-LTTE cadres have been rehabilitated &
reintegrated into society (within 3 years) leaving 973 ex-LTTE
cadres to be reintegrated to society.
much money has the SL Govt allocated to rehabilitate ex-LTTE cadres
An example of ex-LTTE cadres rehabilitated &
reintroduced into society also assisted with employment is a farming
project in Vadamarachchi where 54 families of rehabilitated ex-LTTE
combatants will be involved in aloe vera farming. Rs.1m has been
allocated for the project.
Tamil Civilians as Human Shields
In the liberation operation in the EAST, except
Vakarai since civilians had already fled to camps the LTTE could not
use them as human shield.
When the Wanni operation began the LTTE prevented
civilians escaping & closed entry/exits of Omanthai & Ulliyankulam.
However, 46 families (138 people) managed to escape in March 2008
and cross over to Govt controlled areas.
LTTE forced Tamil civilians to points behind their
rear lines & forced civilians to retreat with them. LTTE even
recruited some of these people & used them to construct bunds &
ditches as well as to obtain food & medicine which were being
supplied free by the Government.
the LTTE take Tamil civilians with them? LTTE wanted to
use them as human shields, that is why LTTE were mingling with the
Tamil civilians and had set up their equipment amongst the people in
In accusing Sri Lanka's armed forces of
indiscriminate firing & killing unsubstantiated numbers of
civilians, the international community & UN needs to be always
mindful to remember and never to forget the scores of indiscriminate
firing on civilians by US/NATO forces in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo,
Bosnia, Libya, Pakistan where unmanned drones regularly kill
The Tamil Rehabilitation Organization is the
primary front organization of the LTTE. In 2007 the US declared the
TRO a terrorist organization, in 2005 the UK delisted the TRO from
its list of charity organizations. The TRO collected funds to
purchase arms for the LTTE in the pretext of collecting funds for
Other front organizations are : Tamil Canadian
Congress, British Tamil Forum, BTA, BTC, WTM, ISA, TYO, IFT, TLP
LTTE sea tigers had - cargo boats, fast attack
crafts, transport boats, suicide boats, locally manufactured
submarines, water jets, under water scooters, remote control boats &
systems, fibre glass boats & dinghies, GPS tracking systems,
LTTE sea tiger wing has killed 52 officers of the
SL Navy, 348 sailors, 8 major vessels, 20 fast attack crafts, 28
inshore patrol crafts due to cluster & suicide attacks by LTTE.
LTTE purchased its first ship named CHOLAN in 1986
through contacts made during Thimpu talks & commenced their
international shipping network.
LTTE's first sea borne suicide attack was on 10
July 1990 at Velvetithurai, Jaffna, where Black Sea Tigers rammed an
explosive laden boat on SL Naval vessel Edithara.
LTTE air wing has shot down 52 airplanes &
helicopters including civilian aircrafts using surface to air
missiles. LTTE owned 2 micro light aircrafts, 5 light aircrafts, 2
helicopters & 2 UAV remote controlled planes.
How many attacks has LTTE air wing carried out?
Over 10 attacks since 1995 have been carried out on civilian &
military targets killing 286 people.
LTTE first used surface to air missiles on the Sri
Lanka Airforce by shooting down 2 avro aircrafts on 28 & 29th April
1995 killing 100 unarmed military personnel returning on leave.
France, Malaysia and UK were 3 countries LTTE
obtained flight training.
LTTE propaganda is carried out by the following tv
stations - Tharisanam (Australia), GTV (UK), Tamil 24 (Paris).
The following tv stations have been shut down : TTN,
Thenral, TV1 (Canada), NTT (US), Euro Television(Italy), Mathuran
LTTE propaganda is carried out through the following
radio channels : VOT (Norway), IBC (UK), TRT (Paris), CMR, CTR, ATBC,
Tamil Star (Canada)
LTTE propaganda is carried out through the following
/ www.tamilwin.com /
LTTE propaganda is carried out by the following print
media : Ulagar Thamilar & Pulathil(Canada), Eelamurusu & Erimalai(Paris),
Tamil Guardian & Oru (UK).
1st peace talk - July 1985 in Thimpu/Bhutan
1st foreign assisted peace talk- Jul 1987 in
Colombo with India
2nd peace talk - May 1989 - Colombo
3rd peace talk - Oct 1994 - Jaffna (4 rounds
4th peace talk - Sept 2002 - In Thailand,
Norway, Germany & Japan
5th peace talk - Feb 2006 - Geneva, Norway,
happened at the 1985 Thimpu Talks:
For the Thimpu Talks several Tamil groups took
part : LTTE, TULF, TELO, PLOTE, EPRLF, EROS.
The LTTE & other Tamil groups forwarded 4 demands
as pre-conditions to continue the talks. These were a) recognition
of Tamils as a distinct nationality, b) recognition of the rights of
Tamils to a Tamil homeland c) recognition of the right to
self-determination of Tamil nation d) recognition of the right of
full citizenship to all Tamils living in Sri Lanka (meant to include
Tamils from India living in Sri Lanka). Sri Lankan Government
refused to accept the first 3 demands & the talks collapsed
used the ceasefire & peace talks to strengthen their military
capabilities (purchasing M16s, AK47s, RPGs & explosives)
resulting in taking control of Jaffna peninsula.
LTTE went on to eliminate other Tamil militant
groups. LTTE killed Sri Sabaratnam leader of TELO.
happened at the 1987 Indo-Lanka Peace Talks
By 1987 Sri Lanka's military was dominating the
LTTE. Prabakaran was cornered in Vadamarachchi but India intervened
forcing a cessation of hostilities.
The Indo-Lanka Peace Accord was signed amidst
controversy & disapproval by most of Sri Lanka's politicians on 29
July 1987 leading to the arrival of the Indian Peace Keeping Force
in Sri Lanka.
The Indo-Lanka Accord made Sri Lanka amend its
constitution to add a 13th amendment creating the provincial council
system and merging the North & East provinces.
The Accord required the LTTE to surrender its
arms, but just 4 days into a false surrender the LTTE attacked
Sinhalese villagers in the East killing 211 civilians.
LTTE took on the IPKF killing over 1000 Indian
soldiers & injuring double that number.
happened at the 1989 Peace Talks in Colombo (2nd attempt at Peace)?
LTTE took on the IPKF for 18 months & agreed to
peace talks in order to buy time & equipment.
President Premadasa ordered the IPKF out of Sri
Lanka on 8 June 1989.
Premadasa Govt came to numerous agreements with
the LTTE including closure of several strategic army camps,
2nd round of peace talks were held in June 1990 in
Colombo but the LTTE attacked police stations throughout the East
taking hundreds of police officers as prisoners. These unarmed
police officers (364 Sinhalese & Muslim policemen) surrendered to
the LTTE on an assurance of safety given by the GOSL but were gunned
down one after another. Eventually a ceasefire was declared on 17
June 1990. However, LTTE broke the ceasefire by attacking air force
& army camps as well as police stations killing 342 security
personnel & wounding 412.
It was during this period that LTTE went on to
overpower all other Tamil groups & parties killing the TULF & former
leader of the Opposition A. Amirthalingam, V Yogeshwaran MP for
Jaffna (Jul 1989), Sam Thambimuttu MP EPRLF(May 1990)
By Aug 1990 LTTE killed 147 Muslim devotees
praying at Kathankudy & 173 villagers in Eravur, Batticoloa &
evicted all Muslims from Jaffna peninsula.
LTTE commenced suicide attacks on the SL Navy
happened at the 1994 Peace Talks in Colombo (3rd attempt at Peace)?
"Unconditional Talks" was initiated by President
Kumaratunga with the LTTE after she became Prime Minister on 17 Aug
1994 a "declaration of cessation of hostilities" was agreed
However, LTTE demanded Sri Lanka remove strategic
army camp in Pooneryn & open a strategic land route to the mainland
for LTTE to move their cadres & carry arms in the East. LTTE also
demanded that they are exempt from screening at checkpoints on
roadways as well as demanded relaxing of fishing restriction in the
East. President Kumaratunga agreed to all except closing of Pooneryn
Despite the peace talks LTTE blasted 2 naval
gunboats in Trincomalee harbor killing 12 sailors & wounding 21
breaking the agreement that required LTTE to give 72 hrs notice if
terminating the ceasefire agreement.
During the 1994 LTTE rearmed itself formed 4 new
infantry & support arms regiments, purchased artillery, anti
aircrafts, anti tank weapons & explosives from overseas using the
funds raised by LTTE front organizations.
On 28th & 29th April 1995 LTTE carried out its 1st
surface to air missile killing 100 unarmed military personnel
returning on leave (an example of LTTE violating Geneva Conventions
killing unarmed personnel)
In 1996 LTTE attacked Mullaitivu killing more than
1100 soldiers triggering Eelaam War 3.
1996 also witnessed attacks on civilians, economic
targets & places of worship : Temple of the Tooth, Oil Refinery in
Kolonnawa, Oil tanks in Orugodawatte & the Central Bank
happened at the 2002 Peace Talks facilitated by Norway (4th attempt at
In Dec 2001, UNP led by PM Ranil Wickremasinghe
came into power & LTTE offered a unilateral ceasefire &
unconditional talks accepted by the UNF Government.
Formal ceasefire was signed on 22 February 2002
(Cease Fire Agreement - CFA) Norway was the facilitator of the peace
process & a Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) made up of Nordic
countries were appointed to supervise the CFA. The CFA was signed
without the awareness of the President of Sri Lanka.
Governments of US, Japan & EU were appointed on 10
June 2003 as Co-Chairs of the Tokyo Conference on Reconstruction &
Development of Sri Lanka
Prior to talks LTTE demanded easing of restriction
on transport of dual purpose goods (civilian & military) to LTTE
controlled areas, access to transport LTTE cadres, access to foreign
funding, supplying of communication equipment & access to
international training programs for LTTE cadres. These demands had
to be met for the sake of "confidence building" according to the
GOSL granted all LTTE demands but walked away from
the peace talks when discussions centered on political issues.
President Rajapakse won the Presidential elections
in Nov 2005.
happened at the 2006 Peace Talks (5th attempt at Peace)?
President Rajapakse insisted on an open agenda for
any future talks.
In Jun 2006 LTTE delegation flew to Oslo, Norway
but claimed they were not satisfied with the composition of the GOSL
In Oct 2006, LTTE refused to continue peace talks
until GOSL opened up the A9 highway.
Since the Geneva Talks (Feb 24-Apr 27 2006) 42
civilians have been killed by the LTTE, plus 31 army, 18 Navy, 3
airforce, 4 police & 7 homeguards.
LTTE exploited the ceasefire period to rearm and
build stockpiles of weapons and ammunition, it upgraded its weapon
LTTE used its "Political Offices" in GOSL
controlled areas to organize recruitment, carry out intelligence,
collect arms & intimidate residents.
LTTE sniper killed Foreign Minister Lakshman
Kadiragamar in August 2005.
LTTE also killed Kethesh Loganathan, Deputy
Secretary General of the Secretariat for Coordinating Peace Process
in August 2006.
LTTE used its "Political Offices" in GOSL
controlled areas to organize recruitment, carry out intelligence,
collect arms & intimidate residents.
Despite the CFA LTTE assassinated 24 of Sri
Lanka's key intelligence officers.
LTTE made an attempt to assassinate the Sri Lanka
Army Commander inside the Army Head Quarters in April 2006
LTTE attempted to assassinate the Deputy Chief of
Staff of the Sri Lanka Army in Jun 2006
LTTE also made an attempt to assassinate Secretary
to the Defense Ministry
SLMM documented evidence of LTTE's violations of the CFA? -
YES - 14 Jul 2002 & 10 Feb 2003 SLMM &
SL Navy detected weapons laden trawlers & weapons transfer by
SL Navy destroyed 10 LTTE vessels carrying
thousands of tons of weapons from Sept 2006 to Oct 2007.
SLMM recorded violations of the CFA? Yes (complaints lodged by Tamil
relatives to the SLMM)
SLMM has claimed LTTE was responsible for 1743
instances of child recruitment
SLMM has claimed LTTE was responsible for 253
abductions of children & 579 abductions of adults during the CFA.
NOTE: LTTE comprised of 14,000 cadres in 2002 & by 2006 June LTTE
had 25,000 cadres. Whereas only a handful of complaints on
abductions had been received by the SLMM, one can imagine the large
numbers of Tamil children & adults who would have been kidnapped and
forced to become LTTE.
SLMM have a process to monitor CFA obligations & complaints by public in
LTTE controlled areas?
The SLMM has recorded 3830 violations by the LTTE.
The number of violations by the GOSL is recorded at just 351. Since
the EU banned the LTTE in 2006 & LTTE was quick to announce it could
not guarantee the safety of the SLMM personnel from May 2007 the
SLMM ceased to record CFA violations by the LTTE.
Nevertheless LTTE has committed the following
throughout the CFA (throughout areas of Jaffna, Wanni, Batticoloa,
Amparai, Polonnaruwa, Trincomalee & Colombo) Abductions of civilians
Protest Campaigns - 124
Demanding Ransom - 46
Conscription - 434
Forcible removal of Private Vehicles - 93
Hoisting of LTTE Flag in public institutions -
Harassment to Civilians - 373
Carrying Weapons in Cleared Areas - 114
Construction of new Camps/Bunkers - 11
Killing of Civilians - 800
Killing of Security Personnel - 1369
Naval Exercise with live fire
LIBERATION OF THE EAST
Why did the
Govt launch the humanitarian operation to open the Mavil Aru Sluice
Despite the 2002 ceasefire the LTTE closed the sluice
gate at Mavil Aru, Trincomalee District in July 2006. The sluice gates
provided water for 9,510 Muslims, 8,013 Sinhalese and 4,439 Tamils
living in 20 villages. Closure of these sluice gates by the LTTE
affected their livelihoods & domestic requirements since they were
farmers. The closure was reported to the SLMM but no remedy was given
forcing the GOSL to react & security forces were ordered to open the
sluice gates on 28 Jul 2006.
the Security Forces launch the humanitarian operation to secure Sampoor?
The operation was launched on 24 August 2006 & ended
on 4 September 2006 by gaining full control of the Sampoor area.
the Security Forces finally liberate the East of Sri Lanka?
The security forces liberated the East (Vakarai,
Batticoloa bowl, Thoppigala, Trincomalee North) by 10 July 2007.
How did the
LTTE respond to security forces deciding to open Mavil Aru?
LTTE launched attacks on army camps in
Kaddaiparichahan, Selvanagar & Mahindapura & Muttur Nnaval Detachment &
Muttur town. The ship carrying troops (The Jetliner) was also attacked
whilst entering Trincomalee Harbor.
LTTE took control of Muttur (which faces
Trincomalee Harbor) whilst fierce fighting took place at
Kattiparichahan at the entrance of Mutur.
Areas to the South of Trincomalee - Selvanagar,
Galkanda forced civilians to flee their homes to camps in Kantale.
These IDPs numbered 76,745 (5848 Sinhalese, 29620 Tamils & 41,277
Security Forces cleared Mutur town on 6 August
2006 & consolidated the area.
Security Forces took total control of Trincomalee
South on 7 August 2006
On 10 August 2006, Mavil Aru sluice gates were
reopened by Sri Lanka's security forces.
LTTE began firing artillery from Sampoor & Ralkuli
(located either side of Mutur) threatening Naval Dockyard, SLAF base
at China Bay, Mitsui Cement Factory & Prima Flour Mill.& Oil tanks.
Civilians began to move out for safety.
LTTE sea tigers increased its presence with
additional suicide boats & fast crafts.
Security Forces provided shelter & amenities for
the civilians until civil administration took over.
LIBERATION OF THE NORTH
LTTE was controlling 6792sq km & manning 11km long FDL
from Kilaly to Nagarkovil via Muhamallai in the North & a 140km long FDL
from Mannar to Kokkuthuduwai via Omanthai in the South.
did the Security Forces launch the humanitarian operation to
5 March 2007
On 11 August 2006, LTTE attacked Muhamalai
entry/exit points on Kandy/Jaffna A9 road killing unprepared
military personnel & civilians
LTTE also attempted to capture the Naval
Detachment at Kilaly & the Forward Defence Line at Muhamalai.
LTTE sea tigers attacked Naval troops at Kayts
forcing troops to vacate positions in the FDL & occupy alternate
Troops launched counter attacks to recapture the
FDL but failed.
Counter attacks to recapture naval detachment at
Kilaly was a success & Kilaly Lagoon front was reestablished on 12
August 2006. Sri Lanka Navy consolidated the defenses at Mandaitivu
on 13 August 2006.
Muhamalai FDL was re-established by 27 August 2006
though both sides suffered heavy losses.
Madhu was recaptured on 24 April 2008 avoiding
direct engagement in view of its religious & cultural significance.
The Church has commended the authorities for this effort.
By July 2008, security forces had liberated
Adampan, Rice Bowl of Mannar & Periyamadhu, Veddithalathive.
By Oct 2008 Nachchikuda was liberated.
By Nov 2008 Akkarayankulam was liberated which
LTTE planned to use as its main battle area.
Security Forces entered Kilinochchi, LTTE's
administrative hub but LTTE had taken the civilians to Vishvamadhu
to create a human shield.
On 2 January 2009 President Rajapakse called upon
the LTTE to lay down its arms & surrender. LTTE refused.
Since the LTTE were firing from positions
alongside humans the Govt declared the 1st No Fire Zone in January
Security Forces moving nearer the NFZ inspired
civilians to flee and over 20,000 civilians crossed to Government
controlled areas. LTTE's reaction was to send a suicide bomber
amidst the civilians to discourage further civilians fleeing & she
detonated herself at a makeshift reception center in Vishwamadu on 9
February 2009 killing civilians & military personnel. Many civilians
who attempted to escape LTTE were killed.
LTTE destroyed the Kalmandukulam Tank entrapping
civilians from fleeing LTTE & LTTE also attempted to destroy the
Iranamadu Tank Bund (largest water reserve in the North) but the
LTTE cadre tasked to blow up the bund surrendered to the security
forces averting a major humanitarian catastrophe.
Since LTTE was moving with the civilians into the
NFZ areas, LTTE used the NFZ to attack the security forces. LTTE
also changed to civilian attire.
LTTE moved the civilians to Putumattalan,
Karayamullivaikkal and Vellamullivaikkal a narrow stretch of land
bound by sea & a lagoon forming a natural obstacle for civilians to
The security forces succeeded in carrying out the
rescue of civilians held hostage by the LTTE using their prowess at
hostage rescue operations. Information was gathered using UAV
footage, military intelligence & civilian sources. Specially trained
anti-hijacking and hostage rescue troops were deployed. sniper
attacks were used for the rescue operations, utilisation of the
skills of the SOF and their night fighting capabilities
Security Forces lost 47 personnel digging
LTTE in the Nanthi Kadal lagoon area on three
fronts (North/West/South) to gain the tactical advantage
LTTE began to destroy most of its military
hardware and communication equipment
LTTE also destroyed a number of its ammunition
dumps, heavy guns and other logistics using explosives devices,
causing casualties among the civilians. UAV on 17 May 2009 confirms
the magnitude of these explosions. Civilians claim that some LTTErs
committed suicide by jumping into these fires.
was the LTTE militarily defeated - 18 May 2009 ending 3
decades of terror in Sri Lanka. Not a single bomb, assassination bid
or suicide attempt has taken place since then. Only the people of
Sri Lanka knows how great this feeling is.
the outcome of LTTE's military defeat?
For the first time in 3 decades people feel a
sense of safety from bombs, suicide missions & assassination
After decades the people of the northern &
eastern provinces have been able to participate in democratic
elections. People have voted at Local authority elections,
Provincial Council elections, Presidential elections & General
An ex-LTTE combatant who rejected terrorism
and joined the democratic process was elected as Chief Minister
of the Eastern Province.
The people of the north and east now enjoy
normalcy of life. Children can attend school without fear of
being kidnapped to be made into a child combatant, farming has
recommenced, fishing restrictions have been lifted, Govt has
allocated massive funds to develop these areas, people from the
South are traveling in large numbers to the north,
The military declared Safe Corridors, No Fire
Zones and followed a "Zero Civilian Casualty" policy conveyed to all
troops on ground, air & sea. Repeated training for military
personnel took place simultaneously alongside the military
operation. no artillery power was used in the NFZs
over 42,000 civilians were rescued on 20 April
On 21 and 22 April 2009 over 60,000 civilians were
Security forces established a passage across
Vadduvakkal Lagoon allowing civilians to move past the lagoon.
80,000 civilians were the last civilian numbers to escape the LTTE..
Reception centers were set up to screen civilians
Medical teams were dispatched to attend to injured
& ill. 8 dressing stations were
All security personnel attending to civilians were
able to speak Tamil facilitating communication.
175,000 personnel of the SLA have undergone local
& international training to effectively be mentally & physically
prepared to handle hostage rescue operations alongside a military
operation against terrorism.
the role of the GOSL in the Humanitarian rescue operation?
From January 2008 to early May 2009, 58,393
metric tons of essential items were sent to Killinochchi and
Mullaithivu districts in addition to 33,383 metric tons supplied
to co-operative outlets during 2008 up to January 2009
Every month, five to 600,000 litres of fuel
was sent to each district despite fear that it may fall into
There were 900 government health staff in
Mullaithivu and Killinochchi alone
More than 20 litres of water per person per
day was delivered and used.
the Credibility of Governments / UN & Others
How can India which helped create, train, fund &
provide haven for Tamil militant groups claim to be a friend of Sri
How can India which armed Tamil militant groups
claim to be interested in Tamils of Sri Lanka, for these armed
militant groups mainly the LTTE killed scores of Tamils, turned
children into child combatants and completely destroyed generations
of Tamils from securing better futures.
How can India which militarily intervened in Sri
Lanka, forced Sri Lanka to change its constitution in order to
create the provincial council systems allowing greater opportunity
for India to secure the natural harbor of Trincomalee claim to be a
friend of Sri Lanka?
How can India which prevented the capture of
Prabakaran by the Sri Lanka forces in 1987 in Vadamarachchi claim to
be a country against terrorism or a country interested in
safeguarding the interests of the Tamil people in the light of the
torments Tamils suffered from because of the LTTE?
The Jain Commission Report for the Indian
Government confirmed that Indian Intelligence agency RAW was
involved in destabilizing Sri Lanka & other South Asian states
(clear link between LTTE & Indian Government)
Did India create terrorist training camps in India
- YES, there were 32 such camps. By 1986, India helped train over
20,000 Tamil militants - these militants carried out bomb attacks,
suicide attacks & assassinations on Sri Lanka.
What happened to the IPKF? India's experiment with
military intervention turned sour when the LTTE declared war against
of UNHRC head Navi Pillay!
She is of Tamil descent which immediately raises
her ability to be impartial
Tamil homeland quest sprang from India and is a
major component of the overall aspiration of Tamils to have an
It is common practice that any judge who is
directly or indirectly connected to a case transfers duty to another
who has no direct or indirect links to the issue.
LTTE leader Prabakaran is said to be her childhood
hero further raising the argument of her suitability to chair
sessions related to Sri Lanka.
Is the UNHRC going to punish Sri Lanka for
eliminating LTTE terrorists, rehabilitating the ex-LTTE members
surrendered or caught, resettling Tamil civilians, taking loans to
develop the North and Eastern provinces which had been under LTTE
control for decades & bringing normalcy to Sri Lanka where people do
not fear bombs, suicide missions & assassinations by accepting what
LTTE front organizations & their leaders accuse Sri Lanka?
Former LTTE member, No 2 in rank in the LTTE &
present Deputy Minister has alleged that Norway provided funds to
the LTTE to purchase weapons
Can Norway deny that "UTROP", a newspaper aimed at
tarnishing the GOSL receives funds from the Norwegian Govt &
Can Norway deny that general Trygve Tellefsen gave
military intelligence information to the LTTE about the SLNavy
intention to stop an LTTE smuggling ship & the LTTE managed to
change course because of the warning?
Is it also true that Norway funded the LTTE
through payments made by the Norwegian Government Agency "Norad".
Norad is a part of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
reported to Mr. Erik Solheim
Can Norway deny Norwegian report appearing in
Afterposten alleging and revealing the involvement of the Norwegian
embassy in Sri Lanka helping a group of 12 active LTTE cadres with
air tickets, visas and escorting them to the airport to escape to
of the US!
The US declares it does not talk to terrorists.
Why is the US having open & secret talks with the LTTE proxy the
Tamil National Alliance?
US declared a "war on terror" calling for
international support to rid the world of terrorism, when Sri Lanka
did just that why is the US supporting a resolution against Sri
Lanka at the UNHRC?
US declares Sri Lanka has not done enough to
address "accountability" issues. When during 3 years the GOSL has
resettled all but a handful of civilians in over a decade 2.2m IDPs
still remain displaced in Iraq, millions more are living in other
middle eastern countries, US has abducted hundreds of men in what is
called "unlawful renditions", US is keeping people in prison cells
without charging them, US & NATO have purposely targeted civilian
installations in Kosovo, Iraq, Afghanistan & Libya....where is the
accountability of the US for these?
In 2006 - Dr Murugesu Vineyagamoorthy and his wife
Dr Pushpam were arrested in New York by the FBI for attempting to
bribe a US Justice Dept official with $1 million to try to get the
LTTE off the list of banned terrorist
LTTE is banned in the UK. How can the UK explain
how the LTTE was running an LTTE office in London, how can the UK
explain why it allowed LTTE theoretician and his wife who trained
LTTE female suicide cadres to openly propagate separatism from
English soil on a sovereign and fellow commonwealth member nation?
If UK has banned the LTTE, why are UK MPs
attending events organized by LTTE front organization that openly
display separatist sentiments, Eelaam flags & massive billboards of
Prabakaran? Why do these MPs not even fear to talk upon stages and
openly ridicule a democratic Government while sympathizing with the
Each year the LTTE holds 2 (regularly annual)
events in London notwithstanding the fact that the LTTE is banned in
the UK. (27 November for Prabakaran's Bday & 25 July commemorating
Annual remittances from the UK towards the LTTE
stood on an average at œ10 million.
In 2005 alone, 16 killings have taken place
involving the Sri Lankan Tamil community in the UK.
Charles Anthony, son of Velupillai Prabhakaran was
a student at the University of Belfast
Tamil Refugee Action Group another LTTE front
organization has even got a British National Lottery grant of
œ78,450 pounds awarded on 2nd December 1998
In reality it is Britain that needs to be
questioned for its sponsoring of terrorism and harboring of
terrorists from UK soil.
Its not too late for the hypocrisy to end. Give Sri
Lanka some space. If at all provide constructive criticisms that would
be useful to make administrative changes to uplift the productivity &
efficiency of the Public Service for that is the key area that needs
change and the rest will fall into place.
People have had enough of conflicts and people
understand that the presence of LTTE all these years was due to more
than the ability of LTTE to be ruthless.
The people of Sri Lanka are far more intelligent than
the unfortunate countries that fell for regime change and the promise of