Tributes for ex-Iran President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
[Jan 09 2017]
Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has
led tributes to former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who has died
at the age of 82.
Ayatollah Khamenei hailed a "companion of struggle"
despite their differences, saying this was a "difficult" loss.
President Hassan Rouhani praised Mr Rafsanjani as a
great man of the Islamic revolution.
The government has announced three days of mourning,
making Tuesday a public holiday for his funeral in Tehran.
Mr Rafsanjani, who served as president from 1989 to
1997, was pivotal in the 1979 revolution. But later in life he became a
counterpoint to hardline conservatives.
"The different opinions and interpretations at time in
this long period could never entirely break up the friendship between
us," said Ayatollah Khamenei.
Mr Rafsanjani died on Sunday in a hospital in Tehran
after suffering a heart attack.
His body was taken to Jamaran prayer hall, the
residence of the founder of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Rohullah
Khomeini, where relatives, politicians and religious figures gathered to
pay their last respects.
* Rafsanjani: The pragmatic conservative
Mr Rafsanjani's daughter Fatemeh and son Mahdi mourn
over the ex-president's coffin
People gathered outside hospital where Mr Rafsanjai
Mr Rafsanjani had been a mentor to President Rouhani,
whom he supported after his own attempt to run in the 2013 election as a
reformist candidate was rejected by the powerful Guardian Council.
Mr Rouhani said on Twitter: "The soul of the great man
of the revolution, symbol of patience and resistance, has gone to
Analysts say Mr Rafsanjani's sudden death is a major
blow to the president, who is preparing for re-election in May.
Mr Rafsanjani had warm relations with President Hassan
The BBC's Kasra Naji says Mr Rafsanjani was a great
survivor of the Iranian revolution, always managing to stay afloat in
the unending political struggles between the hardliners and the
moderates, remaining influential.
In recent years, our correspondent says, he has been a
central figure in the reform movement that has been trying to have a
moderating influence on Iran and Ayatollah Khamenei.
Mr Rafsanjani's final role was head of the Expediency
Council, which tries to resolve disputes between parliament and the
Mr Rafsanjani was a key player in the ending of the
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was born in 1934 in
south-eastern Iran to a family of farmers.
He studied theology in the holy city of Qom with
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini - who went on to lead the Islamic revolution
of 1979 - and was imprisoned several times under the Shah.
In the last year of the 1980-88 war with Iraq,
Ayatollah Khomeini appointed him acting commander-in-chief of the armed
He was seen as the main mover behind Iran's acceptance
of the UN Security Council resolution that ended the war.
Mr Rafsanjani was also a key player in the development
of Iran's nuclear programme, and recently gave staunch support to the
landmark 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.
He was a man known for a sharp wit but who could also
He advocated progressive economic policies,
encouraging private businesses and improving infrastructure. His own
business holdings were reported to be widespread.
Mr Rafsanjani ran for a third time for president in
2005 but lost to Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Son Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani was jailed in 2015
Mr Rafsanjani became openly critical of the victorious
president and in 2009, he sided with reformers who disputed that year's
elections. Nevertheless, Mr Ahmadinejad won a second term.
Mr Rafsanjani continued to champion moderate causes,
such as the release of political prisoners and greater political
freedoms for parties prepared to work within the constitution.
Some of the members of Mr Rafsanjani's family have
also made the headlines. His daughter Faezeh Hashemi attracted the ire
of hardliners when she met a leader of the Bahai religious minority -
which Iran's leadership regards as a heretical sect - last year.
And his son Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani was jailed in
2015 after being convicted of "security offences and financial crimes".
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