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Humanitarian Operation Factual Analysis

Contents

Page

 
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY    
 A. Overview of this Report

1

 
 B. Overview of the Humanitarian Operation

1

 
Part one    
II. BACKGROUND

4

 
   A. Overview of the LTTE

4

 
   B. LTTE Atrocities against Civilians

6

 
   C. Use of Child Soldiers by the LTTE

10

 
   D. Ethnic Cleansing Carried out by the LTTE

10

 
   E. Attacks on Democracy by the LTTE

11

 
   F. The Global Threat posed by the LTTE

11

 
  G. Proscription of the LTTE

12

 
III. SIZE AND SCOPE OF THE LTTE

13

 
   A. Potency of the LTTE

13

 
   B. Number of Cadres

14

 
   C. Land Fighting Forces

14

 
   D. The Sea Tiger Wing

17

 
   E. The Air Tiger Wing

20

 
   F. Black Tiger (Suicide) Wing

22

 
   G. Intelligence Wing

22

 
   H. Supply Network

23

 
   I. International Support Mechanisms

25

 
   J. International Criminal Network

27

 
IV. GOVERNMENT EFFORTS FOR A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT

28

 
   A. Overview

28

 
   B. The Thimpu Talks – July to August 1985

29

 
   C. The Indo-Lanka Accord – July 1987

30

 
   D. Peace Talks – May 1989 to June 1990

32

 
   E. Peace Talks – October 1994 to April 1995

33

 
   F. Norwegian-Facilitated Peace Process– February 2002 to January 2008

35

 
   G. Ltte Behaviour during 2002–2006

37

 
Part two    
 V. RESUMPTION OF HOSTILITIES

43

 
 VI. THE WANNI OPERATION

52

 
 VII. THE CIVILIAN RESCUE OPERATION

60

 
 VIII. RECEPTION OF CIVILIANS

69

 
 IX. HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

70

 
 X. GENERAL OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES AND PREPARATIONS TO SAFEGUARD CIVILIAN LIVES

71

 
   A. General Procedures

71

 
   B. Sri Lanka Army

71

 
   C. Sri Lanka Navy

72

 
   D. Sri Lanka Air Force

73

 
 XI. PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN RIGHTS

76

 
   A. Institutional Frameworks

76

 
   B. Training on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law

76

 
   C. Monitoring of Alleged Infringements

77

 
   D. Investigations and Prosecutions

78

 
Part three    
 XII. CONSEQUENCES OF THE HUMANITARIAN OPERATION

81

 
 XIII. CONCLUSION

85

 
ANNEXES

87

 
INDEX OF TERMS 161