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Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission Report

Contents

Page

PREAMBLE

1

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY

5

CHAPTER 2 - CEASEFIRE AGREEMENT 11
 Introduction 11
 Background to the Ceasefire Agreement 12
 Political and Security Dimensions 12
 Negotiating Process 14
 Resulting Impact on the Provisions of the CFA 15
 Factors which had a bearing on the Implementation of the CFA 16
 Economic and Social Dimensions 18
 Observations of the Commission 20
CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW OF SECURITY FORCES OPERATIONS 22
 Background 31
 Eastern Operations 32
 Wanni Operations 33
 Security Forces Casualties and LTTE Casualties 34
CHAPTER 4 HUMANITARIAN LAW ISSUES 37
 Principles of International Humanitarian Law 38
 Sri Lanka Experience 40
 Evaluation of the Sri Lanka Experience in the context of allegations of violations of IHL 49
 Concluding Observations on the IHL regime in its application to Internal Conflicts 115
 Casualties 130
 Channel 4 Video 137
CHAPTER 5 - HUMAN RIGHTS 147
 Introduction 153
 Human rights issues arising from the conflict 154
CHAPTER 6 LAND ISSUES: RETURN AND RESETTLEMENT 156
 Introduction 200
 The Situation of People Who Lost Land Due to Conflict 202
 Return and Resettlement 202
 Current Progress in Return and Resettlement 210
 Constraints and Challenges 213
 Conclusions and Recommendations 219
CHAPTER 7 - RESTITUTION / COMPENSATORY RELIEF 230
CHAPTER 8 RECONCILIATION 243
 Issues impacting on Post Conflict Reconciliation 251
 Reconciliation 253
CHAPTER 9 - PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 288
 Chapter Two: Observations on the Ceasefire Agreement 326
 Chapter Three: Narration of Events only 327
 Chapter Four: Observations and Recommendations IHL Issues relevant to the final phase of the conflict 328
 Chapter Five: Observations and Recommendations on Human Rights 338
 Chapter Six: Observations and Recommendations on Land Issues: Return and Resettlement 355
 Chapter Seven: Observations and Recommendations on Restitution / Compensatory Relief 363
 Chapter Eight: Reconciliation - Section I: Observations on issues impacting on Post Conflict Reconciliation 365
 Chapter Eight: Reconciliation - Section II: Observations and Recommendations on Reconciliation 367